Do you have questions about diabetes?

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Do you have questions about diabetes?

Here are some facts and information about diabetes.

As every person’s experience with diabetes is different, please call us for more information.

Basics

Type 1, Type 2, Gestational

Symptoms

They often goes undiagnosed because many of its symptoms seem so harmless. Recent studies indicate that the early detection of symptoms and treatment can decrease the chance of developing complications.

 

Type 1 

 •Frequent urination

 •Unusual thirst

 •Extreme hunger

 •Unusual weight loss

 •Extreme fatigue and Irritability

 

Type 2 

 •Any of the type 1 symptoms

 •Frequent infections

 •Blurred vision

 •Cuts/bruises that  are slow to heal

 •Tingling/numbness in the hands/feet

 •Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections

If you have one or more of these symptoms, see your healthcare provider right away.

No Symptoms? You May Still Have Diabetes

Often people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms.

Also, women with gestational diabetes often have no symptoms which is why it’s important for at-risk women to be tested at the proper time during pregnancy.

 Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:

 •Being overweight prior to pregnancy

 •Having had gestational diabetes in a prior pregnancy

 •Having a family history of the disease.

Diagnosing and Prediabetes

While diabetes and prediabetes occur in people of all ages and races, some groups have a higher risk for developing the disease than others. it is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population. This means they are also at increased risk for developing diabetes.

There are many myths about diabetes that make it difficult for people to believe some of the hard facts – such as diabetes is a serious and potentially deadly disease. These myths can create a picture of diabetes that is not accurate and full of stereotypes and stigma.

Get the facts about diabetes and learn how you can stop diabetes myths and misconceptions.


Some facts and myths about diabetes


Myth:
Diabetes is not that serious of a disease.

Fact: Diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Two out of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.

Myth: If you are overweight or obese, you will eventually develop type 2 diabetes.

Fact: Being overweight is a risk factor for developing this disease, but other risk factors such as family history, ethnicity and age also play a role. Unfortunately, too many people disregard the other risk factors for diabetes and think that weight is the only risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Most overweight people never develop type 2 diabetes, and many people with type 2 diabetes are at a normal weight or only moderately overweigh

Myth: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.

Fact: The answer is not so simple. Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger the onset of the disease; type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors.

Being overweight does increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and a diet high in calories from any source contributes to weight gain. Research has shown that drinking sugary drinks is linked to type 2 diabetes.

The American Diabetes Association recommends that people should limit their intake of sugar-sweetened beverages to help prevent diabetes. Sugar-sweetened beverages include beverages like:

 •regular soda

 •fruit punch

 •fruit drinks

 •energy drinks

 •sports drinks

 •sweet tea

 •other sugary drinks

 These will raise blood glucose and can provide several hundred calories in just one serving!

Myth: People with diabetes should eat special diabetic foods.

Fact: A healthy meal plan for people with diabetes is generally the same as a healthy diet for anyone – low in fat (especially saturated and trans fat), moderate in salt and sugar, with meals based on whole grain foods, vegetables and fruit. Diabetic and “dietetic” foods generally offer no special benefit. Most of them still raise blood glucose levels, are usually more expensive and can also have a laxative effect if they contain sugar alcohols.

 

Myth: If you have diabetes, you should only eat small amounts of starchy foods, such as bread, potatoes and pasta.

Fact: Starchy foods are part of a healthy meal plan. What is important is the portion size. Whole grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice and starchy vegetables like potatoes, yams, peas and corn can be included in your meals and snacks. The key is portions. For most people with diabetes, having 3-4 servings of carbohydrate-containing foods per meal is about right. Whole grain starchy foods are also a good source of fiber, which helps keep your gut healthy.

Myth: People with diabetes can’t eat sweets or chocolate.

Fact: If eaten as part of a healthy meal plan, or combined with exercise, sweets and desserts can be eaten by people with diabetes. They are no more “off limits” to people with diabetes than they are to people without diabetes. The key to sweets is to have a very small portion and save them for special occasions so you focus your meal on more healthful foods.

Myth: People with diabetes are more likely to get colds and other illnesses.

Fact: You are no more likely to get a cold or another illness if you have diabetes. However, people with diabetes are advised to get flu shots. This is because any illness can make diabetes more difficult to control, and people with diabetes who do get the flu are more likely than others to go on to develop serious complications.

Myth: If you have type 2 diabetes and your doctor says you need to start using insulin, it means you’re failing to take care of your diabetes properly.

Fact: For most people, type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease. When first diagnosed, many people with type 2 diabetes can keep their blood glucose at a healthy level with oral medications. But over time, the body gradually produces less and less of its own insulin, and eventually oral medications may not be enough to keep blood glucose levels normal. Using insulin to get blood glucose levels to a healthy level is a good thing, not a bad one.

Myth: Fruit is a healthy food. Therefore, it is ok to eat as much of it as you wish.

Fact: Fruit is a healthy food. It contains fiber and lots of vitamins and minerals. Because fruits contain carbohydrates, they need to be included in your meal plan. Talk to your dietitian about the amount, frequency and types of fruits you should eat.

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JoyRich Health Care Centers &
BeFree Centers for Addiction
2387 Professional Heights Plaza

Lexington, KY 40503
859-967-9486

 

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2 Comments

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